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Professor of Economics and Statistics teaching graduate and undergraduate level courses in Economics, Statistics, Quantitative Techniques and Research.


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Profile of Professor Muhammad Anees

Econometrician Freelancer Anees

Globally recognized, I am an expert data scientist and statistical consultant, member of data science central (a global community of experts), Americal Economic Association (AES), Royal Economic Society (RES), International Health Economics Association (iHEA),  and have been advising PhD candidates in Econometrics. I am experienced in all types of academic, report and business writing with expert level programming skills in C++, Java, R, Python, Matlab, Stata, Eviews, SPSS, RATS, SAS, GAUSS and JavaScript, I have strong exposure, relevant teaching/research experience in the same field of economics and statistics. I have a history of completed projects in applied econometrics and statistics for business evaluation, Value at Risk, Options Pricing, Stock Evaluation, Pairs Trading and Backtesting using most commonly appreciated statistical languages. My background education is in economics, statistics and econometrics from The University of Sheffield, UK.

As a professor in Economics and Econometrics, I have been teaching courses in Economics, Research Methods and Statistics at graduate and undergraduate levels at the campus. His main area of specialization is Applied Economics and Applied Econometrics and Statistics. The specific courses he has been teaching includes Business Economics, Business Mathematics, Research Methods, Statistical Inference and Quantitative Techniques. He trains his students in using the standard packages to get analytics related to data and research. The specialist softwares include Stata, SPSS, SmartPLS, WarpPLS and Eviews. On the other hand, he has been teaching specialist courses in Econometrics and Statistics to research students and provide trainings in Stata, SPSS, Eviews, R, Matlab, Minitab, SmartPLS and WarpPLS to students in Economics and Finance.

Some of my completed projects in Econometrics and Statistics  through research supervision in Economics, Finance and Social Sciences for PhD and MRes students are the following:

  • Applied econometric analysis of unbalanced data and GMM (Instrumental Variable Regression Models)
  • Econometrics Analysis of Panel Data, GMM and Endogeneity
  • GMM, Endogeneity and Firm Performance
  • Corporate Governance, Firm Performance and Application of GMM, Dynamic Panel Data Analysis and Applied Econometrics
  • Dynamic Stata program for correlation analysis for different industry and comparing/ranking industries for the correlation index
  • Stata programming for logistic regression and odds ratio
  • Stata do file for willingness to pay estimation
  • Eviews for Advanced econometrics.
  • Panel Data Analysis using Eviews
  • Multivariate Statistics using SPSS
  • Quantitative Analysis using SPSS and AMOS

Research Publications

The following reading is available from Google Scholar, SSRN and related networks and from the respective journals. 


AREA: Labour Economics and Gravity Type Models
Emigrants possess knowledge of host and sending countries’ cultures and social environments that can help strengthen the economic relationship between them. We find this to be true for Pakistan and its selected Middle East trading partners for whom the data are available. Gravity model estimates suggest that each Pakistani emigrant contributed $422 to exports. This increase in exports can be attributed to Pakistani emigrants’ superior knowledge of both countries environment as well as their help in reducing transaction costs in trade. This study should be helpful to policy makers, who generally consider migrants to be the source of remittances only, while our study showed that migrants help broaden our international trade as well.
Citation: Shabir Hyder, Saddam Hussain, Imran Malik, Muhammad Anees, Answer Khan, (2016). Impact of Pakistani Labor Migrant Network on Pakistan’s International Trade with the Middle East, Pakistan Business Review, Vol 18, No 2, pp. 343-356

Area: Political violence and financial metrics
The efficient-market hypothesis holds that securities markets are efficient, fair and instantaneous in their treatment of material information flows. The reality may be somewhat messier in the emerging traded asset markets of the Global South. Emerging markets, notably Pakistan, present particularly esoteric market information systems. In general, stock and corporate bond market actors gauge future corporate profits and sell assets when negative news announcements threaten future earnings. For their part, sovereign bonds sell off when the overall economic conditions of the national issuer appear to be threatened. Together, stock and bond markets amount to a massive crowd-sourcing mechanism for assessing and acting on political risk. Both academicians and policy practitioners have yet to fully appreciate the risk-assessment function played by markets. This paper will assess financial market responses to reports of electoral violence during the important 2013 general election in Pakistan. The election is used herein as an event study to assess how stock and bond traders responded to confirmed acts of political violence during and just after the campaign. Insights into both the theoretical efficacy of the efficient-market construct, as well as the particularities of Pakistan at this point in its long democratic journey, will be assessed.
Citation: Allan Dwyer & Anees Muhammad, 2015, Electoral Violence and Securities Market Responses During the 2013 Pakistan General Election: Political Risk Metrics for the Rest of Us, ISSS-ISAC
AREA: politics, international relations and economy
The political economy has been a vital force to impulse the economic growth across different economic and political systems. The role of political relationships between countries has been witnessed to significantly affect the growth rates in coming years of the partners. One key factor being the incremental foreign direct investment from the visited countries to the home countires of visiting premiers, the economic growth is bound to jump higher in the coming years. The proposed study is empiricall evidencing on the key idea to develop a sound statistical model on the very debated topics in politics and estimate the global extent of political relationships, foreign direct investment into partner countries and economic growth. To evaluate the relationship between economic growths in the coming years affected by the political visits of the political leadership, the study will employ structure equation modelling/sureg type economic modelling to estimate the dynamic relationship between political relationship and economic growth through foreign direct investment. The study will utitlize the key data on politics, economic growth, investment and business environment and will be derived from World Bank Business Indicators, Political Institution Database, World Development Indicators.
Results will be available soon.
AREA: Corporate governance and islamic finance
Abstract: It is increasingly believed that the shareholders have lost control over their wealth in the hands of management. As a consequent there is a need for an effective and efficient monitoring environment which can be materialized through active and effective participation of shareholders in policy making and major decision making. In this background, the purpose of this paper is to search for a new form of business organization in which the rights of all the stake holders are secured. “Mudarabah” is a basic mode of Islamic finance in which one party rabb-ul-mal (owner) provide capital to the mudarib (manager) to run business within a given paradigm. Here we are focusing on the point that how this concept can be applied in the context of corporate governance issues. Through applying this concept, much debating issue of activism of share holders can be addressed to a great extent. In addition the concept of limited liability can also be refined. As per teaching of Islam even the death of debtors can not write off the right of repayment of debt to the creditors. It may emerge into a new paradigm of corporate governance as the concept may leads to a major shift in principal-agent relationship. The concept can be successfully implemented either to structurally change the corporate form of business organization or make the way for a new form of business organization. However, there would be a need to form a global body to oversee and implement the recommendations. It will also require extensive legislation by the countries.
Citation: Amer, S, Anees, M. & Sajjad, M. (2014), Mudarabah- A New Paradigm for Corporate Governance, European Journal of Business and Management, 6(6), pp. 98-102·
Area: Environmental economics
The debate of environmental issues and their analysis is of vital interest for economic policies. Institutions are engaged in identifying and estimating the extent of environmental impact of determinants controllable via policy measures. Annual data from the World Development Indicator (World Bank) on Carbon Dioxide emission, economic growth and consumption of energy, openness for foreign trade, urbanization, industrial growth and agriculture growth on Pakistan is used for 1971 to 2007. Augmented Vector Autoregression technique and cointegration analysis is implemented to test Granger's causality. Gross domestic product significantly Granger causes emission of Carbon Dioxide and energy consumption. On the other hand, emissions of CO2 affect economic growth, agriculture and industrial growth in the long run. It is also evident that energy consumption unidirectional Granger causes emission of Carbon Dioxide. Industrialization and urbanization bidirectional Granger causes each other. The results indicate the more careful industrial and energy policies to reduce emissions and control global warming.
Anees, M., Sajjad, M., Falki, N and Shahzad, F., (2012), Industrial Development, Agricultural Growth, Urbanization and Environmental Kuznets Curve in Pakistan, American Journal of Scientific Research, 63(2012), pp. 52-66.
AREA: Labout economics and applied econometrics
The immigrants are characterized on the average with higher human capital and are rewarded potentially less as compared to their native counterparts. This question has motivated me to analyze the immigrants-natives wage gap in detail and find the extent of this potential discrimination against the immigrants. I analyze the data from the first two quarters of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, 2009 using the Oaxaca Decomposition technique. Applying both the threefold and twofold decomposition approaches, I computed the wage gap first using simple decomposition based on threefold and then the twofold approaches using both coefficients of the native model and coefficients of the pooled model as weights separately. My findings from these computations are that immigrants have on the average higher human capital endowments and their rewards are not at least the same with the rewards for natives. This suggests discrimination is present to some extent against the immigrants otherwise they would have earned than what they earn at their current level of education, experience and other characteristics.
Anees, M., 2010. A decomposition analysis of immigrants-natives wages in the UK: Evidence from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, 2009. MSc Dissertation available Online on Google Books and Published Universal Publishers, USA.
AREA: labour economics and applied econometrics
Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition is an important differential analysis tool in the area of economics and other social sciences to analyse the gender discrimination. This analysis helps in identifying the extent and the causes of this differential helpful for better social policy. The basic idea behind this analysis is that the gap is decomposed into the part attributable due to endowments and a part due to shift coefficients. Applying to the BHPS 1995, data we find that there is very significant gap between the male-female wages. The males have received advantage over the females in some attributes and another advantage is lower to some characteristics gains for females. Overall it is observed that discrimination is present in the UK labour market in 1995. But when treated for one or the other characteristics the gap favouring one or the other group minimizes.
Anees, M., 2010, Explaining UK Gender Pay Differentials: Evidence from the BHPS 1995, Online at http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1550023·
AREA: labour economics and applied econometrics
Economics of discrimination has been the topic of interest of many in the last decade or two. Human capital theory describes wage determination as a function of labour human capital and should be determined based on marginal productivity theorem of labour economics. Islamic theology also dictates paying labour well in time and equal to their productivity not based on his colour, race, gender, nationality health status and other non-economic factors. The current study analyses the immigrantsnatives wage gap to find the extent of potential discrimination against the immigrants. Using employees’ level data from the Enterprise Surveys by the World Bank in 2007, standard Oaxaca–Blinder technique and Machado–Mata counterfactual decomposition is applied. Findings indicate an existence of earning's differential in favour of natives or the Malaysian citizens and immigrants have a disadvantage. On the other hand, the differential increases until the middle of income distribution and the start declining. It suggests higher-income groups have a low level of discriminatory disadvantage. Labour market productivity could be increased if this differential is reduced, which motivates the employees.
Anees, M., Sajjad, M. Ahmed, I., (2011). A Counterfactual Decomposition Analysis of Immigrants-natives Earnings in Malaysia. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2011-51. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2011-51.
AREA: applied Econometrics and health economics
Count Datasets contain relatively larger number of realizations of nonnegative integer-valued random variable. The nature necessitates application of regression models based on binomial probability distributions including Poisson, Zero-Inflated Poisson or Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial distributions to infer valid predictions. This paper will use micro-dataset from the British Household Panel Survey (Abbreviated and Well-known as BHPS) to identify factors determining the participation decisions to smoke at the individual level. It is evident from the results that the educated and married person’s participation to smoke is lower than the participation of divorced and separated individuals. Congruent participation to smoke of unemployed or newly employed is higher. The empirical results persuade a more details investigation in a comparable theme to contribute to scarcity of research in health economics to determine causal factors of smoking and formulate more effective health policies.
Anees, M. & Ahmed, I. 2012, Panel Count Data Analysis of Determinants of Cigarette Smoking: Evidence from British Household Panel Survey, 2001-2009, GRP International Journal of Business and Economics, Vol. 1. No.1 2012, PP. 10-23.